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Eco: Ecology-Economy, ABC Garden, Michigan, nature blog, holistic design

ECO: Ecology-Economy

"eco" is the root word of both ecology and economy. "eco" means home, in the Greek language.
Ecology is learning about your home in nature. Economy is taking care of your home in nature.
A good economy takes care of people and nature together. People are a part of nature. A good economy sustains and enriches natural habitats, wildernesses, ecosystems, clean air, clean water, fertile soil, the environment, and the climate. A good economy makes sure that people have enough supplies and enough nature and natural resources for many generations into the future. A good economy helps people and nature to thrive together.

Doing ecology - learning about nature - includes learning about local natural habitats (wildernesses), and global ecosystems; it includes learning about local native plants and animals, as well as exotic plants and animals; it includes learning about the food web and food chains (plants get eaten by some animals, which get eaten by other animals, etc.); it includes learning how people can live in harmony with nature; and, it includes learning how people can help to sustain and enrich local natural habitats, native plants, and native animals.

An economy is people having stuff, how people get their stuff, and how people take care of nature as they get materials from nature and make their stuff. In an economy, people need to use a combination of their hearts (caring), heads (minds), and hands (labor) to take care of the ecology / nature, such as by distributing seeds.
An economy includes people's stuff, supplies, and necessities. An economy is based on nature, which is the source of materials for people's stuff, supplies, and necessities. The air we breathe comes from nature. The water we drink comes from nature. The soil, in which we grow our food, comes from nature. The wood, which we use to build houses, comes from nature. The cotton, with which we make clothes, grows in nature's soils. The wool, with which we make clothes, comes from sheep, which eat grass, that comes from nature and grows in soil. Nature and ecology is the base of our economy.

The pursuits of ecologists and economists should be the same: to support people and nature together. We need ecologists who talk about the economy and help to run sustainable communities economies. We need economists who talk about and help to take care of nature. No one should ever be an economist, unless he first spends at least a few years working full time, in the dirt, doing ecology, stewarding the land, and growing a garden. If an economist doesn't mention how the economy can take good care of nature, he is a lousy economist.

A whole economy includes taking from nature (getting our stuff) and giving back to nature. Taking from nature is only half of the economy. In an economy, people need to use a combination of their hearts (caring and morals), heads (minds), and hands (labor) to take care of ecology / nature, such as by distributing seeds.

economy includes people taking care of nature with their hearts, heads, and hands.

an economy includes people having enough stuff, shelter, water, fire / energy, food, clothes, basic tools, nature blog

Economic Graphic.  Ecology-Economy.  An economy is people having stuff ... and how people take care of nature ...


economy - 4 types:

1st economy: hunter-gatherer economy
no money used, no trading out of necessity
This economy has existed for over 100,000 years.
A hunter-gatherer society is a wilderness-society of tribal camps. Typically, a tribal camp has 2 to 150 people.
In general, people were generalists and each family hunted, gathered, and handmade all of their own stuff. They had enough stuff (water, food, clothes, shelter, soap, basic tools, etc.) and they did not need to get stuff from other people. Handmaking every necessity took a lot of time, but, commonly, people handmade all their stuff fast-enough and well-enough to meet their needs. Typically, hunter-gatherers met their weekly needs by working 30 hours per week. Plus, often, there was community cooperation and community sharing: people shared stuff with everyone within the tribal camp community. On rare occasions, there was casual trading of items between people for the fun of it.
Numerous sources report a hunter-gatherer lifestyle of meeting human needs. Hadza: Hunter-Gatherers of Tanzania, by Frank Marlowe, 2010. History of the World in Seven Cheap Things, by Jason Moore and Raj Patel, 2017. The Tracker, by Tom Brown Jr., 1978. My Indian Boyhood, by Luther Standing Bear, 1931. Jared Diamond's thesis, in the 1980s. And many more books. In general, hunter-gatherers were poor: they had enough vital material stuff: housing, water, fire food, clothes, soap, and basic tools. The did not have excessive stuff: huge houses, numerous clothes, lots of gadgets and gizmos, etc. In general, hunter-gatherers did NOT live in poverty (lack enough vital material stuff). In general, hunter-gatherers were rich with priceless things: family, friends, vast pristine wildernesses, healthy community landscapes, clean water, clean air, art, music, festivities, and functional communities. (See community.)

2nd economy: bartering economy
no money used, early trading, in early farming villages and in early civilizations
This economy has existed for perhaps 10,000 years.
A farming village may have 50 to 1,000 people. A civilization is a city-society. Each civilization has one or more cities. Usually, a city has over a 1,000 people.
In farms and cities, people are more specialized and make only a few types of stuff. Thus, people needed to trade some of their stuff to get other stuff that they needed. For instance, one person traded his cow to get a few blankets from another person. Later, as money came into existence, people could barter for how much money a commodity was worth.

3rd economy: money economy
simple money economy of ancient civilizations
This economy has existed for 3,000 years. Roughly, 3,000 years ago, metal coins were invented in Phoenicia. Roughly, 1,000 years ago, paper money was invented in China.
Money represented value and gave people more shopping flexibility. For instance, a person, who had a cow, could use money to buy a few blankets from a person, who did not necessarily want a cow.
In early money economies, simple money economies, it was kings, queens, emperors, and popes, who had the most money and biggest treasuries.

4th economy: capitalism and communism
complex money economies of today
This economy has existed for roughly 500 years. The Age of Capitalism and Industry started in 1460s, on the Island of Madeira, upon a bank of Genoa financing Europeans to set up the first modern industry outside of Europe. The Portuguese set up a sugarcane industry and plantation on the Island of Madeira. (See a book on the history of capitalism: The History of the World in 7 Cheap Things, by Jason Moore and Raj Patel, 2017.) Moreover, the same bank of Genoa financed Spain to send Christopher Columbus to sail and trade across the Atlantic Ocean, and to happen to discover the Americas. Spain was bankrupt from war; hence, the king and queen of Spain had to borrow money from the bank of Genoa to finance Columbus. In fact, this is what is different from capitalism and early money economies. In early money economies, the kings, queens, emperors, and popes had the most money and biggest treasuries. In capitalism, the largest banks, financial corporations, and other globalized corporations have the most money. Nations have to borrow money from banks. Some people think of capitalism as the current world government and call it a corporatocracy, in which a collective of globalized corporate monopolies rule the world. The national communism of 20th-century China and Soviet Union is an offshoot of capitalism. In capitalism, private businesses and financiers make more financial decisions within the nation. To the contrary, in communism, politicians make more financial decisions for the nation. Yet, capitalism and communism are similar in that they each have a few rich people and many poor people.
Martin Luther King Jr. saw capitalism's injustice and said, "Capitalism does not permit an even flow of economic resources. With this system, a small privileged few are rich beyond conscience, and almost all others are doomed to be poor at some level. That's the way the system works. And since we know that the system will not change the rules, we are going to have to change the system." We want economic change that lifts many people out of poverty and not drags many people down into poverty as a few people become super rich.

Future economy:
Whatever economy we make next, we want it to be sustainable and for the wealth to go to communities and evenly throughout the people within each community, and not again for most of the wealth to go to only a few people, such as emperors, popes, kings, queens, and those in the upper rungs of ruthless centralized governments and large globalized corporations.


ABC Garden Ecology-Economy

At the ABC Gardens, students learn the ABCs - simple, small, basic, early steps - of a simple, small economy. Students start learning about the economy by learning and practicing aspects of the 1st economy. At the ABC garden, later, they learn about the 2nd economy, 3rd economy, and 4th economy.


ABC Garden Three Oaks, ABC Holistic Education Garden, Michigan, USA, nature blog, Pocket Pumpkin Press
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ABC Holistic Education Garden of Three Oaks, Michigan, USA. Students learn about ecology, economy, and more. See some other class lessons learned at the ABC garden.
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Galien Valley Nature and Culture Program, GV-NCP, ecology, economy, science, art, and more
Galien Valley Nature and Culture Program (GV-NCP)
Galien Valley Nature and Culture Program runs interdisciplinary classes about nature and culture. Classes are informative and fun. Students learn how culture and nature relate to each other and how science, art, health, economy, etc. relate to nature too. Furthermore, classes include a few lessons on holistic skills as well as the ABCs of community, ecology, economy, science, art, and more.
See Galien Valley Nature and Culture Program website at www.z-hub.org/galienvalleyncp.html


Blog of Zoe at Galien Valley, Michigan, nature blog, holistic, ecology, economy, science, art, wildlife, wildflowers, plants, animals, habitats, stewardship, etc.
Blog of Zoe at Galien Valley
, about practicing holistic skills, science, art, teaching nature classes and the ABCs of 6 holistic skills, local wildlife, local native flowers, ecology, economy, stewardship and landcare of local habitats, etc.
See Zoe's Daily Blog website at
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